# Use connected accounts in code

In a previous example, we connected our Google Sheets account and used it in a no code action. In this example, let's use the same connected account to authenticate a Google Sheets API request in code to retrieve the full contents of our sheet. Then we'll transform the data and return it in our workflow response. This example builds on the workflow created in previous sections and will cover how to:


If you didn't complete the previous examples, we recommend you start from the beginning of this guide. If you still want to start here, copy this workflow (opens new window) and then follow the instructions below. If you have any issues completing this example, you can view, copy and run a completed version (opens new window).

# Scaffold an API request for an app in Node.js

First, expand the step selector right before steps.respond.


Select the Google Sheet app and select the Run Node.js with Google Sheets action:


This will add a code step scaffolded using Google Sheets' standard API together with Pipedream managed authentication (so you can easily authenticate the API request using your connected account).


# Use a connected account in a code step

Next, let's test the scaffolded code. First, select the same account you used in the previous step (to save data to Google Sheets). It needs to be the same account because we're going to retrieve data from that sheet in just a moment.


Then Deploy and test your workflow (either load the endpoint or click Send Test Event). Select an event that executed this step to inspect the exports — you should see the response from Google's /userinfo API.


# Use standard API docs to customize scaffolded code

Next, let's customize the API request to retrieve all the ISS positions we added to Google Sheets in our previous tests so we can return them in our workflow response. Based on a quick Google search, we can find the details we need in Google's developer documentation (opens new window). According to Google's docs, we need to make a GET request to https://sheets.googleapis.com/v4/spreadsheets/{spreadsheetId}/values/{range}.


We need to replace the url in the scaffolded code, and we also need to modify the URL we found in Google's docs to pass real values for {spreadsheetId} and {range}. Since we added a row to Google Sheets, we can get these values by referencing the exports for steps.add_single_row.


Here's the final code for the step that shows the updated value for the url parameter (more details below):

return await require("@pipedreamhq/platform").axios(this, {
  url: `https://sheets.googleapis.com/v4/spreadsheets/${steps.add_single_row.$return_value.spreadsheetId}/values/${steps.add_single_row.$return_value.updatedRange.split("!")[0]}`,
  headers: {
    Authorization: `Bearer ${auths.google_sheets.oauth_access_token}`,


Here are more details about the changes we made in the code above (you can also skip this and move on to deploying and testing the update):

  1. Add a $ before both {spreadsheetId} and {range} to convert the references to template literals (opens new window) (since the URL in enclosed in backticks, we can write code between ${...}).
  2. Replace spreadsheetId with steps.add_single_row.$return_value.spreadsheetId.
  3. Since we want to get all the values in the sheet, we can use Javascript's split() function to replace range with the value to the left of the exclamation mark in steps.add_single_row.$return_value.updatedRange (i.e., we only want to pass the value Sheet1). To do that, we can reference steps.add_single_row.$return_value.updatedRange.split("!")[0].

When you're ready, Deploy and test your workflow again. If you select the event and expand the return value for steps.google_sheets you'll see the headers and data from the Google Sheet.


# Use a code snippet from Stack Overflow to transform the API response

While we can update our workflow response to return steps.google_sheets.$return_value, let's add one more code step to transform it from an array of arrays to an array of objects (using the header values for the keys). Since we can easily transform data using Node.js, we can write the code if we know it or we can search Google for snippets to adapt. In this case, a quick Google Search turns up a Stack Overflow post (opens new window) with sample code we can use as a starting point.


Add a Run Node.js code step between steps.google_sheets and steps.respond and name it steps.transform. Then add the code we adapted from the Stack Overflow post (more details below):

const data = steps.google_sheets.$return_value.values
const headers = data.shift()
const rows = data
return rowsToObjects(headers, rows)

function rowsToObjects(headers, rows){
  return rows.reduce((acc, e, idx) =>  {
     acc.push(headers.reduce((r, h, i)=> {r[h] = e[i]; return r; }, {}))
     return acc;
  }, []);


Here are more details about the changes (you can also skip ahead to deploy and test):

  1. Set headers to the the first array element of steps.google_sheets.$return_value.values
  2. Set rows to the remainder of the array (i.e., the elements with the data)
  3. Return the result of rowsToObjects(headers, rows) to export it from the step so we can reference it in our response
  4. We can delete the console.log statement and the comment

Next, Deploy and test your workflow to validate the step returns the data you expect.


Next, update steps.respond to return steps.transform.$return_value as the body of the HTTP response.

await $respond({
  status: 200,
  immediate: true,
  body: steps.transform.$return_value


Finally, Deploy and load the endpoint URL for your workflow in a browser. You should see the data from Google Sheets with all the positions you recorded for the ISS returned as your workflow response (including the most recent position recorded when you loaded the endpoint):


This was all done without exposing any API keys on the client side.

Next, we'll run a simple workflow on a schedule to keep this serverless workflow "warm".