← Twilio SendGrid + Airtable (OAuth) integrations

Create Multiple Records with Airtable (OAuth) API on New Contact from Twilio SendGrid API

Pipedream makes it easy to connect APIs for Airtable (OAuth), Twilio SendGrid and 1,700+ other apps remarkably fast.

Trigger workflow on
New Contact from the Twilio SendGrid API
Next, do this
Create Multiple Records with the Airtable (OAuth) API
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Getting Started

This integration creates a workflow with a Twilio SendGrid trigger and Airtable (OAuth) action. When you configure and deploy the workflow, it will run on Pipedream's servers 24x7 for free.

  1. Select this integration
  2. Configure the New Contact trigger
    1. Connect your Twilio SendGrid account
    2. Configure timer
  3. Configure the Create Multiple Records action
    1. Connect your Airtable (OAuth) account
    2. Select a Base
    3. Select a Table
    4. Configure Records
    5. Optional- Configure Typecast
    6. Optional- Configure Return Fields By Field ID
  4. Deploy the workflow
  5. Send a test event to validate your setup
  6. Turn on the trigger

Details

This integration uses pre-built, source-available components from Pipedream's GitHub repo. These components are developed by Pipedream and the community, and verified and maintained by Pipedream.

To contribute an update to an existing component or create a new component, create a PR on GitHub. If you're new to Pipedream component development, you can start with quickstarts for trigger span and action development, and then review the component API reference.

Trigger

Description:Emit new event when a new contact is created
Version:0.0.6
Key:sendgrid-new-contact

Twilio SendGrid Overview

With the Twilio SendGrid API, you can build a number of features into your
application to manage your SendGrid account and send emails. For example, you
can use the API to:

  • Create and manage SendGrid accounts
  • Send emails through SendGrid
  • Manage email templates
  • Get statistics on email sends
  • And more!

Trigger Code

import orderBy from "lodash/orderBy.js";
import common from "../common/timer-based.mjs";

export default {
  ...common,
  key: "sendgrid-new-contact",
  name: "New Contact",
  description: "Emit new event when a new contact is created",
  version: "0.0.6",
  type: "source",
  dedupe: "unique",
  hooks: {
    async activate() {
      const currentTimestamp = Date.now();
      const state = {
        processedItems: [],
        lowerTimestamp: currentTimestamp,
        upperTimestamp: currentTimestamp,
      };
      this.db.set("state", state);
    },
  },
  methods: {
    ...common.methods,
    _maxDelayTime() {
      // There is no report from SendGrid as to how much time it takes
      // for a contact to be created and appear in search results, so
      // we're using a rough estimate of 30 minutes here.
      return 30 * 60 * 1000;  // 30 minutes, in milliseconds
    },
    _addDelayOffset(timestamp) {
      return timestamp - this._maxDelayTime();
    },
    _cleanupOldProcessedItems(processedItems, currentTimestamp) {
      return processedItems
        .map((item) => ({
          // We just need to keep track of the record ID and
          // its creation date.
          id: item.id,
          created_at: item.created_at,
        }))
        .filter((item) => {
          const { created_at: createdAt } = item;
          const createdAtTimestamp = Date.parse(createdAt);
          const cutoffTimestamp = this._addDelayOffset(currentTimestamp);
          return createdAtTimestamp > cutoffTimestamp;
        });
    },
    _makeSearchQuery(processedItems, lowerTimestamp, upperTimestamp) {
      const idList = processedItems
        .map((item) => item.id)
        .map((id) => `'${id}'`)
        .join(", ")
      || "''";
      const startTimestamp = this._addDelayOffset(lowerTimestamp);
      const startDate = this.toISOString(startTimestamp);
      const endDate = this.toISOString(upperTimestamp);
      return `
        contact_id NOT IN (${idList}) AND
        created_at BETWEEN
          TIMESTAMP '${startDate}' AND
          TIMESTAMP '${endDate}'
      `;
    },
    generateMeta(data) {
      const {
        item,
        eventTimestamp: ts,
      } = data;
      const {
        id,
        email,
      } = item;
      const slugifiedEmail = this.slugifyEmail(email);
      const summary = `New contact: ${slugifiedEmail}`;
      return {
        id,
        summary,
        ts,
      };
    },
    async processEvent(event) {
      // Transform the timer timestamp to milliseconds
      // to be consistent with how Javascript handles timestamps.
      const eventTimestamp = event.timestamp * 1000;

      // Retrieve the current state of the component.
      const {
        processedItems,
        lowerTimestamp,
        upperTimestamp,
      } = this.db.get("state");

      // Search for contacts within a specific timeframe, excluding
      // items that have already been processed.
      const query = this._makeSearchQuery(processedItems, lowerTimestamp, upperTimestamp);
      const {
        result: items,
        contact_count: contactCount,
      } = await this.sendgrid.searchContacts(query);

      // If no contacts have been retrieved via the API,
      // move the time window forward to possibly capture newer contacts.
      if (contactCount === 0) {
        const newState = {
          processedItems: this._cleanupOldProcessedItems(processedItems, lowerTimestamp),
          lowerTimestamp: upperTimestamp,
          upperTimestamp: eventTimestamp,
        };
        this.db.set("state", newState);
        return;
      }

      // We process the searched records from oldest to newest.
      const itemsToProcess = orderBy(items, "created_at");
      itemsToProcess
        .forEach((item) => {
          const meta = this.generateMeta({
            item,
            eventTimestamp,
          });
          this.$emit(item, meta);
        });

      // Use the timestamp of the last processed record as a lower bound for
      // following searches. This bound will be subjected to an offset so in
      // case older records appear in future search results, but have not
      // appeared until now, can be processed. We only adjust it if it means
      // moving forward, not backwards. Otherwise, we might start retrieving
      // older and older records indefinitely (and we're all about *new*
      // records!)
      const newLowerTimestamp = Math.max(
        lowerTimestamp,
        Date.parse(itemsToProcess[0].created_at),
      );

      // If the total contact count is less than 100, it means that during the
      // next iteration the search results count will most likely be less than
      // 50. In that case, if we extend the upper bound of the search time range
      // we might be able to retrieve more records.
      const newUpperTimestamp = contactCount < 100
        ? eventTimestamp
        : upperTimestamp;

      // The list of processed items can grow indefinitely.
      // Since we don't want to keep track of every processed record
      // ever, we need to clean up this list, removing any records
      // that are no longer relevant.
      const newProcessedItems = this._cleanupOldProcessedItems(
        [
          ...processedItems,
          ...itemsToProcess,
        ],
        newLowerTimestamp,
      );

      // Update the state of the component to reflect the computations
      // made above.
      const newState = {
        processedItems: newProcessedItems,
        lowerTimestamp: newLowerTimestamp,
        upperTimestamp: newUpperTimestamp,
      };
      this.db.set("state", newState);
    },
  },
};

Trigger Configuration

This component may be configured based on the props defined in the component code. Pipedream automatically prompts for input values in the UI and CLI.
LabelPropTypeDescription
N/Adb$.service.dbThis component uses $.service.db to maintain state between executions.
Twilio SendGridsendgridappThis component uses the Twilio SendGrid app.
timer$.interface.timer

Trigger Authentication

Twilio SendGrid uses API keys for authentication. When you connect your Twilio SendGrid account, Pipedream securely stores the keys so you can easily authenticate to Twilio SendGrid APIs in both code and no-code steps.

About Twilio SendGrid

Send marketing and transactional email through the Twilio SendGrid platform with the Email API, proprietary mail transfer agent, and infrastructure for scalable delivery.

Action

Description:Create one or more records in a table by passing an array of objects containing field names and values as key/value pairs. [See the documentation](https://airtable.com/developers/web/api/create-records)
Version:0.0.5
Key:airtable_oauth-create-multiple-records

Airtable (OAuth) Overview

Using the Airtable API, you can build applications that can:

  • Create and manage databases
  • Add, update, and delete records
  • Search for records
  • Sort and filter records
  • Display records in a variety of ways
  • Import and export data

Action Code

import chunk from "lodash.chunk";
import airtable from "../../airtable_oauth.app.mjs";
import common from "../common/common.mjs";

const BATCH_SIZE = 10; // The Airtable API allows us to update up to 10 rows per request.

export default {
  key: "airtable_oauth-create-multiple-records",
  name: "Create Multiple Records",
  description: "Create one or more records in a table by passing an array of objects containing field names and values as key/value pairs. [See the documentation](https://airtable.com/developers/web/api/create-records)",
  version: "0.0.5",
  type: "action",
  props: {
    ...common.props,
    records: {
      propDefinition: [
        airtable,
        "records",
      ],
    },
    typecast: {
      propDefinition: [
        airtable,
        "typecast",
      ],
    },
    returnFieldsByFieldId: {
      propDefinition: [
        airtable,
        "returnFieldsByFieldId",
      ],
    },
  },
  async run({ $ }) {
    const baseId = this.baseId?.value ?? this.baseId;
    const tableId = this.tableId?.value ?? this.tableId;

    let data = this.records;
    if (!Array.isArray(data)) {
      data = JSON.parse(data);
    }
    data = data.map((fields) => ({
      fields,
    }));
    if (!data.length) {
      throw new Error("No Airtable record data passed to step. Please pass at least one record");
    }

    const responses = [];
    for (const c of chunk(data, BATCH_SIZE)) {
      try {
        const { records } = await this.airtable.createRecord({
          baseId,
          tableId,
          data: {
            typecast: this.typecast,
            returnFieldsByFieldId: this.returnFieldsByFieldId,
            records: c,
          },
          $,
        });
        responses.push(...records);
      } catch (err) {
        this.airtable.throwFormattedError(err);
      }
    }

    const l = responses.length;
    $.export("$summary", `Added ${l} record${l === 1
      ? ""
      : "s"} to ${this.baseId?.label || baseId}: [${this.tableId?.label || tableId}](https://airtable.com/${baseId}/${tableId})`);

    return responses;
  },
};

Action Configuration

This component may be configured based on the props defined in the component code. Pipedream automatically prompts for input values in the UI.

LabelPropTypeDescription
Airtable (OAuth)airtableappThis component uses the Airtable (OAuth) app.
BasebaseIdstringSelect a value from the drop down menu.
TabletableIdstringSelect a value from the drop down menu.
Recordsrecordsstring

Provide an array of objects. Each object should represent a new record with the column name as the key and the data to insert as the corresponding value (e.g., passing [{"foo":"bar","id":123},{"foo":"baz","id":456}] will create two records and with values added to the fields foo and id). The most common pattern is to reference an array of objects exported by a previous step (e.g., {{steps.foo.$return_value}}). You may also enter or construct a string that will JSON.parse() to an array of objects.

Typecasttypecastboolean

The Airtable API will perform best-effort automatic data conversion from string values if the typecast parameter is True. Automatic conversion is disabled by default to ensure data integrity, but it may be helpful for integrating with 3rd party data sources.

Return Fields By Field IDreturnFieldsByFieldIdboolean

An optional boolean value that lets you return field objects where the key is the field id. This defaults to false, which returns field objects where the key is the field name.

Action Authentication

Airtable (OAuth) uses OAuth authentication. When you connect your Airtable (OAuth) account, Pipedream will open a popup window where you can sign into Airtable (OAuth) and grant Pipedream permission to connect to your account. Pipedream securely stores and automatically refreshes the OAuth tokens so you can easily authenticate any Airtable (OAuth) API.

Pipedream requests the following authorization scopes when you connect your account:

data.records:readdata.records:writedata.recordComments:readdata.recordComments:writeschema.bases:readschema.bases:writewebhook:manageuser.email:read

About Airtable (OAuth)

Airtable is a low-code platform to build next-gen apps. Move beyond rigid tools, operationalize your critical data, and reimagine workflows with AI.

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