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New Contact from Twilio SendGrid API

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New Contact from the Twilio SendGrid API
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Getting Started

Trigger a workflow on New Contact with Twilio SendGrid API. When you configure and deploy the workflow, it will run on Pipedream's servers 24x7 for free.

  1. Configure the New Contact trigger
    1. Connect your Twilio SendGrid account
    2. Configure timer
  2. Add steps to connect to 800+ APIs using code and no-code building blocks
  3. Deploy the workflow
  4. Send a test event to validate your setup
  5. Turn on the trigger

Details

This is a pre-built, open source component from Pipedream's GitHub repo. The component is developed by Pipedream and the community, and verified and maintained by Pipedream.

To contribute an update to an existing component or create a new component, create a PR on GitHub. If you're new to Pipedream component development, you can start with quickstarts for trigger span and action development, and then review the component API reference.

New Contact on Twilio SendGrid
Description:Emit new event when a new contact is created
Version:0.0.3
Key:sendgrid-new-contact

Code

import orderBy from "lodash/orderBy.js";
import common from "../common/timer-based.mjs";

export default {
  ...common,
  key: "sendgrid-new-contact",
  name: "New Contact",
  description: "Emit new event when a new contact is created",
  version: "0.0.3",
  type: "source",
  dedupe: "unique",
  hooks: {
    async activate() {
      const currentTimestamp = Date.now();
      const state = {
        processedItems: [],
        lowerTimestamp: currentTimestamp,
        upperTimestamp: currentTimestamp,
      };
      this.db.set("state", state);
    },
  },
  methods: {
    ...common.methods,
    _maxDelayTime() {
      // There is no report from SendGrid as to how much time it takes
      // for a contact to be created and appear in search results, so
      // we're using a rough estimate of 30 minutes here.
      return 30 * 60 * 1000;  // 30 minutes, in milliseconds
    },
    _addDelayOffset(timestamp) {
      return timestamp - this._maxDelayTime();
    },
    _cleanupOldProcessedItems(processedItems, currentTimestamp) {
      return processedItems
        .map((item) => ({
          // We just need to keep track of the record ID and
          // its creation date.
          id: item.id,
          created_at: item.created_at,
        }))
        .filter((item) => {
          const { created_at: createdAt } = item;
          const createdAtTimestamp = Date.parse(createdAt);
          const cutoffTimestamp = this._addDelayOffset(currentTimestamp);
          return createdAtTimestamp > cutoffTimestamp;
        });
    },
    _makeSearchQuery(processedItems, lowerTimestamp, upperTimestamp) {
      const idList = processedItems
        .map((item) => item.id)
        .map((id) => `'${id}'`)
        .join(", ")
      || "''";
      const startTimestamp = this._addDelayOffset(lowerTimestamp);
      const startDate = this.toISOString(startTimestamp);
      const endDate = this.toISOString(upperTimestamp);
      return `
        contact_id NOT IN (${idList}) AND
        created_at BETWEEN
          TIMESTAMP '${startDate}' AND
          TIMESTAMP '${endDate}'
      `;
    },
    generateMeta(data) {
      const {
        item,
        eventTimestamp: ts,
      } = data;
      const {
        id,
        email,
      } = item;
      const slugifiedEmail = this.slugifyEmail(email);
      const summary = `New contact: ${slugifiedEmail}`;
      return {
        id,
        summary,
        ts,
      };
    },
    async processEvent(event) {
      // Transform the timer timestamp to milliseconds
      // to be consistent with how Javascript handles timestamps.
      const eventTimestamp = event.timestamp * 1000;

      // Retrieve the current state of the component.
      const {
        processedItems,
        lowerTimestamp,
        upperTimestamp,
      } = this.db.get("state");

      // Search for contacts within a specific timeframe, excluding
      // items that have already been processed.
      const query = this._makeSearchQuery(processedItems, lowerTimestamp, upperTimestamp);
      const {
        result: items,
        contact_count: contactCount,
      } = await this.sendgrid.searchContacts(query);

      // If no contacts have been retrieved via the API,
      // move the time window forward to possibly capture newer contacts.
      if (contactCount === 0) {
        const newState = {
          processedItems: this._cleanupOldProcessedItems(processedItems, lowerTimestamp),
          lowerTimestamp: upperTimestamp,
          upperTimestamp: eventTimestamp,
        };
        this.db.set("state", newState);
        return;
      }

      // We process the searched records from oldest to newest.
      const itemsToProcess = orderBy(items, "created_at");
      itemsToProcess
        .forEach((item) => {
          const meta = this.generateMeta({
            item,
            eventTimestamp,
          });
          this.$emit(item, meta);
        });

      // Use the timestamp of the last processed record as a lower bound for
      // following searches. This bound will be subjected to an offset so in
      // case older records appear in future search results, but have not
      // appeared until now, can be processed. We only adjust it if it means
      // moving forward, not backwards. Otherwise, we might start retrieving
      // older and older records indefinitely (and we're all about *new*
      // records!)
      const newLowerTimestamp = Math.max(
        lowerTimestamp,
        Date.parse(itemsToProcess[0].created_at),
      );

      // If the total contact count is less than 100, it means that during the
      // next iteration the search results count will most likely be less than
      // 50. In that case, if we extend the upper bound of the search time range
      // we might be able to retrieve more records.
      const newUpperTimestamp = contactCount < 100
        ? eventTimestamp
        : upperTimestamp;

      // The list of processed items can grow indefinitely.
      // Since we don't want to keep track of every processed record
      // ever, we need to clean up this list, removing any records
      // that are no longer relevant.
      const newProcessedItems = this._cleanupOldProcessedItems(
        [
          ...processedItems,
          ...itemsToProcess,
        ],
        newLowerTimestamp,
      );

      // Update the state of the component to reflect the computations
      // made above.
      const newState = {
        processedItems: newProcessedItems,
        lowerTimestamp: newLowerTimestamp,
        upperTimestamp: newUpperTimestamp,
      };
      this.db.set("state", newState);
    },
  },
};

Configuration

This component may be configured based on the props defined in the component code. Pipedream automatically prompts for input values in the UI and CLI.
LabelPropTypeDescription
N/Adb$.service.dbThis component uses $.service.db to maintain state between component invocations.
Twilio SendGridsendgridappThis component uses the Twilio SendGrid app.
timer$.interface.timer

Authentication

Twilio SendGrid uses API keys for authentication. When you connect your Twilio SendGrid account, Pipedream securely stores the keys so you can easily authenticate to Twilio SendGrid APIs in both code and no-code steps.

When you create an API key, you assign scopes, or specific permissions, to the key. Sendgrid requires separate API keys for making billing-related API calls. To create an API key, navigate to Settings on the left navigation bar, and then select API keys.

More info: Creating an API key | API key permissions

About Twilio SendGrid

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