← IMAP

New Email from IMAP API

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New Email from the IMAP API
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Getting Started

Trigger a workflow on New Email with IMAP API. When you configure and deploy the workflow, it will run on Pipedream's servers 24x7 for free.

  1. Configure the New Email trigger
    1. Connect your IMAP account
    2. Configure Polling interval
    3. Select a Mailbox
  2. Add steps to connect to 1,600+ APIs using code and no-code building blocks
  3. Deploy the workflow
  4. Send a test event to validate your setup
  5. Turn on the trigger

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Details

This is a pre-built, source-available component from Pipedream's GitHub repo. The component is developed by Pipedream and the community, and verified and maintained by Pipedream.

To contribute an update to an existing component or create a new component, create a PR on GitHub. If you're new to Pipedream component development, you can start with quickstarts for trigger span and action development, and then review the component API reference.

New Email on IMAP
Description:Emit new event for each new email in a mailbox
Version:0.0.4
Key:imap-new-email

Code

import imap from "../../imap.app.mjs";
import { DEFAULT_POLLING_SOURCE_TIMER_INTERVAL } from "@pipedream/platform";

/**
 * Creates an IMAP server connection and emits emails added to a mailbox after the last emitted
 * email.
 */
export default {
  key: "imap-new-email",
  name: "New Email",
  description: "Emit new event for each new email in a mailbox",
  version: "0.0.4",
  type: "source",
  dedupe: "unique",
  props: {
    imap,
    db: "$.service.db",
    timer: {
      label: "Polling interval",
      description:
        "Pipedream will poll the IMAP server for new emails at this interval",
      type: "$.interface.timer",
      default: {
        intervalSeconds: DEFAULT_POLLING_SOURCE_TIMER_INTERVAL,
      },
    },
    mailbox: {
      propDefinition: [
        imap,
        "mailbox",
      ],
    },
  },
  methods: {
    _getLastUid(mailbox) {
      return this.db.get(`lastUid-${mailbox}`);
    },
    _setLastUid(mailbox, lastUid) {
      this.db.set(`lastUid-${mailbox}`, lastUid);
    },
    _getUidValidity(mailbox) {
      return this.db.get(`uidValidity-${mailbox}`);
    },
    _setUidValidity(mailbox, uidValidity) {
      this.db.set(`uidValidity-${mailbox}`, uidValidity);
    },
    _handleUidValidityChange(mailbox, uidValidity) {
      this._setUidValidity(mailbox, uidValidity);
      this._setLastUid(mailbox, null);
    },
    hasNewMessages(box) {
      const lastUid = this._getLastUid(box.name);
      return !lastUid || box.uidnext > lastUid + 1;
    },
    generateMeta(message) {
      const date = message.attributes?.date ?? new Date();
      const ts = Date.parse(date);
      return {
        id: `${message.attributes?.uid}-${ts}`,
        ts,
        summary: message.mail?.subject,
      };
    },
    processMessage(message) {
      const lastUid = message.attributes?.uid ?? lastUid;
      this._setLastUid(this.mailbox, lastUid);
      this.$emit(message.mail, this.generateMeta(message));
    },
    async processMessageStream(stream) {
      for await (const message of stream) {
        this.processMessage(message);
      }
    },
    async getHistoricalEvents() {
      const { mailbox } = this;
      const connection = await this.imap.getConnection();
      try {
        const box = await this.imap.openMailbox(connection, mailbox);
        const startSeqno = box.messages.total > 25
          ? box.messages.total - 24
          : 1;
        const messageStream = this.imap.fetchMessages(connection, {
          startSeqno,
        });
        await this.processMessageStream(messageStream);
      } finally {
        await this.imap.closeConnection(connection);
      }
    },
  },
  hooks: {
    async deploy() {
      await this.getHistoricalEvents();
    },
  },
  async run() {
    const { mailbox } = this;
    const connection = await this.imap.getConnection();

    try {
      const box = await this.imap.openMailbox(connection, mailbox);

      const uidValidity = this._getUidValidity(box.name);
      if (uidValidity !== box.uidvalidity) {
        this._handleUidValidityChange(box.name, box.uidvalidity);
      }

      if (!this.hasNewMessages(box)) {
        console.log("No new messages since last run");
        return;
      }

      const lastUid = this._getLastUid(box.name);

      // Fetch messages after lastUid if it exists, or most recent message otherwise
      const messageStream = this.imap.fetchMessages(connection, {
        startUid: lastUid && lastUid + 1,
        startSeqno: box.messages.total,
      });
      await this.processMessageStream(messageStream);
    } finally {
      await this.imap.closeConnection(connection);
    }
  },
};

Configuration

This component may be configured based on the props defined in the component code. Pipedream automatically prompts for input values in the UI and CLI.
LabelPropTypeDescription
IMAPimapappThis component uses the IMAP app.
N/Adb$.service.dbThis component uses $.service.db to maintain state between executions.
Polling intervaltimer$.interface.timer

Pipedream will poll the IMAP server for new emails at this interval

MailboxmailboxstringSelect a value from the drop down menu.

Authentication

IMAP uses API keys for authentication. When you connect your IMAP account, Pipedream securely stores the keys so you can easily authenticate to IMAP APIs in both code and no-code steps.

Below are the required fields to connect your IMAP account to Pipedream:

  • host: Enter the host Pipedream should connect to. Refer to your email provider's IMAP instructions if you aren't sure what to enter.
  • email: Enter the email address you use to sign in to the account you'd like to connect.
  • password: This is the password you use to sign in to your email account. Note: in order to connect a Gmail account, you must use an App Password.
  • port: Specify the port number, either 143 (default) or 993. Refer to your email provider's IMAP instructions if you aren't sure which to use.

For Gmail accounts, refer to these instructions.

About IMAP

Connect Pipedream to any IMAP email provider to trigger custom workflows.

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