# Built-In Functions

Use Pipedream built-in functions to filter, delay, and perform other common operations.

# Delay

Sometimes you need to wait a specific amount of time before the next step of your workflow proceeds. Pipedream supports this in one of two ways:

  1. The built-in Delay actions
  2. The $.flow.delay function in Node.js

You can pause your workflow for as little as one millisecond, or as long as one year. For example, we at Pipedream use this functionality to delay welcome emails to our customers until they've had a chance to use the product.

# Delay actions

You can pause your workflow without writing code using the Delay actions:

  1. Click the + button below any step
  2. Search for the Delay app
  3. Select the Delay Workflow action
  4. Configure the action to delay any amount of time, up to one year

Workflow delay step

# $.flow.delay

If you need to delay a workflow within Node.js code, or you need detailed control over how delays occur, see the docs on $.flow.delay.

# The state of delayed executions

Delayed executions can hold one of three states:

  • Paused: The execution is within the delay window, and the workflow is still paused
  • Resumed: The workflow has been resumed at the end of its delay window automatically, or resumed manually
  • Cancelled: The execution was cancelled manually

You'll see the current state of an execution by viewing its event data.

# Cancelling or resuming execution manually

The Delay actions and $.flow.delay return two URLs each time they run:

Cancel and resume URLs

These URLs are specific to a single execution of your workflow. While the workflow is paused, you can load these in your browser or send an HTTP request to either:

  • Hitting the cancel_url will immediately cancel that execution
  • Hitting the resume_url will immediately resume that execution early

If you use $.flow.delay, you can send these URLs to your own system to handle cancellation / resumption. You can even email your customers to let them cancel / resume workflows that run on their behalf.

# Filter

Use the Filter action to quickly stop or continue workflows on certain conditions.

Create a filter action

Add a filter action to your workflow by searching for the Filter app in a new step.

The Filter app includes several built-in actions: Continue Workflow on Condition, Exit Workflow on Condition and Exit Workflow on Custom Condition.

In each of these actions, the Value is the subject of the condition, and the Condition is the operand to compare the value against.

For example, to only process orders with a status = ready

# Continue Workflow on Condition

With this action, only when values that pass a set condition will the workflow continue to execute steps after this filter.