← Stack Exchange (Stack Overflow) + Twilio integrations

Send MMS with Twilio API on New Answers from Specific Users from Stack Exchange (Stack Overflow) API

Pipedream makes it easy to connect APIs for Twilio, Stack Exchange (Stack Overflow) and 1,700+ other apps remarkably fast.

Trigger workflow on
New Answers from Specific Users from the Stack Exchange (Stack Overflow) API
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Send MMS with the Twilio API
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Developers Pipedream

Getting Started

This integration creates a workflow with a Stack Exchange (Stack Overflow) trigger and Twilio action. When you configure and deploy the workflow, it will run on Pipedream's servers 24x7 for free.

  1. Select this integration
  2. Configure the New Answers from Specific Users trigger
    1. Connect your Stack Exchange (Stack Overflow) account
    2. Select a Site
    3. Select one or more Users
    4. Configure timer
  3. Configure the Send MMS action
    1. Connect your Twilio account
    2. Select a From
    3. Configure To
    4. Configure Message Body
    5. Optional- Configure Media URL
  4. Deploy the workflow
  5. Send a test event to validate your setup
  6. Turn on the trigger

Details

This integration uses pre-built, source-available components from Pipedream's GitHub repo. These components are developed by Pipedream and the community, and verified and maintained by Pipedream.

To contribute an update to an existing component or create a new component, create a PR on GitHub. If you're new to Pipedream component development, you can start with quickstarts for trigger span and action development, and then review the component API reference.

Trigger

Description:Emits an event when a new answer is posted by one of the specified users
Version:0.0.3
Key:stack_exchange-new-answers-from-users

Stack Exchange (Stack Overflow) Overview

The Stack Exchange API offers an extensive range of tools for developers who
want to access content from the Stack Exchange network. With the API,
developers can build a variety of applications and services to leverage the
full power of the Stack Exchange platform. Here are some examples of
applications you can create using the Stack Exchange API:

  • Real-time monitoring and analytics for your Stack Exchange account or for
    content posted by other users.
  • A tool to search Stack Exchange questions and retrieve answers.
  • A system that allows you to monitor Stack Exchange content in different
    languages.
  • Automated moderation tools to help you manage and review content on Stack
    Exchange.
  • A service that allows users to collaborate on Stack Exchange projects.
  • An application that displays enhanced Stack Exchange content, such as rich
    media and live updating feeds.
  • Tools to help developers create custom applications and services that
    facilitate data exchange within the Stack Exchange network.
  • A service that allows you to integrate Stack Exchange content into other
    applications and services.

Trigger Code

const stack_exchange = require("../../stack_exchange.app");
const { DEFAULT_POLLING_SOURCE_TIMER_INTERVAL } = require("@pipedream/platform");

module.exports = {
  key: "stack_exchange-new-answers-from-users",
  name: "New Answers from Specific Users",
  description: "Emits an event when a new answer is posted by one of the specified users",
  version: "0.0.3",
  dedupe: "unique",
  type: "source",
  props: {
    stack_exchange,
    db: "$.service.db",
    siteId: {
      propDefinition: [
        stack_exchange,
        "siteId",
      ],
    },
    userIds: {
      propDefinition: [
        stack_exchange,
        "userIds",
        (c) => ({
          siteId: c.siteId,
        }),
      ],
    },
    timer: {
      type: "$.interface.timer",
      default: {
        intervalSeconds: DEFAULT_POLLING_SOURCE_TIMER_INTERVAL,
      },
    },
  },
  hooks: {
    async activate() {
      const fromDate = this._getCurrentEpoch();
      this.db.set("fromDate", fromDate);
    },
  },
  methods: {
    _getCurrentEpoch() {
      // The StackExchange API works with Unix epochs in seconds.
      return Math.floor(Date.now() / 1000);
    },
    generateMeta(data) {
      const {
        answer_id: id,
        owner: owner,
        creation_date: ts,
      } = data;
      const { display_name: username } = owner;
      const summary = `New answer from ${username}`;
      return {
        id,
        summary,
        ts,
      };
    },
  },
  async run() {
    const fromDate = this.db.get("fromDate");
    const toDate = this._getCurrentEpoch();
    const filter = "!SWKA(ozr4ec2cHE9JK"; // See https://api.stackexchange.com/docs/filters
    const searchParams = {
      fromDate,
      toDate,
      filter,
      sort: "creation",
      order: "asc",
      site: this.siteId,
    };

    const items = this.stack_exchange.answersFromUsers(this.userIds, searchParams);
    for await (const item of items) {
      const meta = this.generateMeta(item);
      this.$emit(item, meta);
    }

    this.db.set("fromDate", toDate);
  },
};

Trigger Configuration

This component may be configured based on the props defined in the component code. Pipedream automatically prompts for input values in the UI and CLI.
LabelPropTypeDescription
Stack Exchange (Stack Overflow)stack_exchangeappThis component uses the Stack Exchange (Stack Overflow) app.
N/Adb$.service.dbThis component uses $.service.db to maintain state between executions.
SitesiteIdstringSelect a value from the drop down menu.
UsersuserIdsstring[]Select a value from the drop down menu.
timer$.interface.timer

Trigger Authentication

Stack Exchange (Stack Overflow) uses OAuth authentication. When you connect your Stack Exchange (Stack Overflow) account, Pipedream will open a popup window where you can sign into Stack Exchange (Stack Overflow) and grant Pipedream permission to connect to your account. Pipedream securely stores and automatically refreshes the OAuth tokens so you can easily authenticate any Stack Exchange (Stack Overflow) API.

Pipedream requests the following authorization scopes when you connect your account:

read_inboxno_expirywrite_accessprivate_info

About Stack Exchange (Stack Overflow)

Community-powered Q&A sites, including Stack Overflow

Action

Description:Send an SMS with text and media files. [See the docs](https://www.twilio.com/docs/sms/api/message-resource#create-a-message-resource) for more information
Version:0.1.3
Key:twilio-send-mms

Twilio Overview

With the Twilio API, you can build telephone applications that make and receive
phone calls, as well astext messaging applications that send and receive text
messages.

Some examples of applications you could build include:

  • A phone call application that allows you to make and receive phone calls over
    the internet
  • A text messaging application that allows you to send and receive text
    messages over the internet
  • A voicemail application that allows you to leave and receive voicemails over
    the internet

Action Code

import { phone } from "phone";
import twilio from "../../twilio.app.mjs";
import { messageToString } from "../../common/utils.mjs";

export default {
  key: "twilio-send-mms",
  name: "Send MMS",
  description: "Send an SMS with text and media files. [See the docs](https://www.twilio.com/docs/sms/api/message-resource#create-a-message-resource) for more information",
  type: "action",
  version: "0.1.3",
  props: {
    twilio,
    from: {
      propDefinition: [
        twilio,
        "from",
      ],
    },
    to: {
      propDefinition: [
        twilio,
        "to",
      ],
    },
    body: {
      propDefinition: [
        twilio,
        "body",
      ],
    },
    mediaUrl: {
      propDefinition: [
        twilio,
        "mediaUrl",
      ],
    },
  },
  async run({ $ }) {
    // Parse the given number into its E.164 equivalent
    // The E.164 phone number will be included in the first element
    // of the array, but the array will be empty if parsing fails.
    // See https://www.npmjs.com/package/phone
    const toParsed = phone(this.to);
    if (!toParsed || !toParsed.phoneNumber) {
      throw new Error(`Phone number ${this.to} could not be parsed as a valid number.`);
    }

    const fromParsed = phone(this.from);
    if (!fromParsed || !fromParsed.phoneNumber) {
      throw new Error(`Phone number ${this.from} could not be parsed as a valid number.`);
    }

    const data = {
      to: toParsed.phoneNumber,
      from: fromParsed.phoneNumber,
      body: this.body,
      mediaUrl: this.mediaUrl,
    };

    const resp = await this.twilio.getClient().messages.create(data);
    $.export("$summary", `Successfully sent a new MMS, "${messageToString(resp)}"`);
    return resp;
  },
};

Action Configuration

This component may be configured based on the props defined in the component code. Pipedream automatically prompts for input values in the UI.

LabelPropTypeDescription
TwiliotwilioappThis component uses the Twilio app.
FromfromstringSelect a value from the drop down menu.
Totostring

The destination phone number in E.164 format. Format with a + and country code (e.g., +16175551212).

Message Bodybodystring

The text of the message you want to send, limited to 1600 characters.

Media URLmediaUrlstring[]

The URL of the media you wish to send out with the message. The media size limit is 5MB. You may provide up to 10 media URLs per message.

Action Authentication

Twilio uses API keys for authentication. When you connect your Twilio account, Pipedream securely stores the keys so you can easily authenticate to Twilio APIs in both code and no-code steps.

To connect your Twilio account to Pipedream,

API Key and API Key SID

First, create an API key in Twilio.

  • There are three types of keys: Main, Standard, and Restricted. You'll need a Main key to interact with certain API endpoints, like /Accounts.
  • If you don't need to interact with those endpoints, you can use a Standard or Restricted key.

After creating your key, you'll see fields for Sid and Secret. Enter those in the fields below.

Account SID and Auth Token

Visit your Twilio Dashboard. You'll see your Account SID and Auth Token under Account info.

About Twilio

Twilio is a cloud communications platform for building SMS, Voice & Messaging applications on an API built for global scale.

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