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Changes to Specific Files from Google Drive API

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Changes to Specific Files from the Google Drive API
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Getting Started

Trigger a workflow on Changes to Specific Files with Google Drive API. When you configure and deploy the workflow, it will run on Pipedream's servers 24x7 for free.

  1. Configure the Changes to Specific Files trigger
    1. Connect your Google Drive account
    2. Optional- Configure Drive
    3. Optional- Configure Watch for changes to file properties
    4. Configure Push notification renewal schedule
    5. Optional- Select one or more Files
    6. Select one or more Types of updates
  2. Add steps to connect to 700+ APIs using code and no-code building blocks
  3. Deploy the workflow
  4. Send a test event to validate your setup
  5. Turn on the trigger

Details

This is a pre-built, open source component from Pipedream's GitHub repo. The component is developed by Pipedream and the community, and verified and maintained by Pipedream.

To contribute an update to an existing component or create a new component, create a PR on GitHub. If you're new to Pipedream component development, you can start with quickstarts for trigger span and action development, and then review the component API reference.

Changes to Specific Files on Google Drive
Description:Watches for changes to specific files, emitting an event any time a change is made to one of those files. To watch for changes to [shared drive](https://support.google.com/a/users/answer/9310351) files, use the **Changes to Specific Files (Shared Drive)** source instead.
Version:0.0.19
Key:google_drive-changes-to-specific-files

Code

import cronParser from "cron-parser";
import includes from "lodash/includes.js";
import { v4 as uuid } from "uuid";

import { MY_DRIVE_VALUE } from "../../constants.mjs";

import changesToSpecificFiles from "../changes-to-specific-files-shared-drive/changes-to-specific-files-shared-drive.mjs";

/**
 * This source uses the Google Drive API's
 * {@link https://developers.google.com/drive/api/v3/reference/files/watch files: watch}
 * endpoint to subscribe to changes to specific files in the user's drive.
 */
export default {
  ...changesToSpecificFiles,
  key: "google_drive-changes-to-specific-files",
  name: "Changes to Specific Files",
  description: "Watches for changes to specific files, emitting an event any time a change is made to one of those files. To watch for changes to [shared drive](https://support.google.com/a/users/answer/9310351) files, use the **Changes to Specific Files (Shared Drive)** source instead.",
  version: "0.0.19",
  type: "source",
  // Dedupe events based on the "x-goog-message-number" header for the target channel:
  // https://developers.google.com/drive/api/v3/push#making-watch-requests
  dedupe: "unique",
  props: {
    ...changesToSpecificFiles.props,
    drive: {
      type: "string",
      label: "Drive",
      description: "Defaults to `My Drive`. To use a [Shared Drive](https://support.google.com/a/users/answer/9310351), use the **Changes to Specific Files (Shared Drive)** source instead.",
      optional: true,
      default: MY_DRIVE_VALUE,
    },
    updateTypes: {
      propDefinition: [
        changesToSpecificFiles.props.googleDrive,
        "updateTypes",
      ],
    },
  },
  hooks: {
    ...changesToSpecificFiles.hooks,
    async activate() {
      // Called when a component is created or updated. Handles all the logic
      // for starting and stopping watch notifications tied to the desired
      // files.

      // You can pass the same channel ID in watch requests for multiple files, so
      // our channel ID is fixed for this component to simplify the state we have to
      // keep track of.
      const channelID = this._getChannelID() || uuid();

      // Subscriptions are keyed on Google's resourceID, "an opaque value that
      // identifies the watched resource". This value is included in request
      // headers, allowing us to look up the watched resource.
      let subscriptions = this._getSubscriptions() || {};

      const files = this.files;
      for (const fileID of files) {
        const {
          expiration,
          resourceId,
        } = await this.googleDrive.activateFileHook(
          channelID,
          this.http.endpoint,
          fileID,
        );
        // The fileID must be kept with the subscription metadata so we can
        // renew the watch request for this specific file when it expires.
        subscriptions[resourceId] = {
          expiration,
          fileID,
        };
      }

      // Save metadata on the subscription so we can stop / renew later
      this._setSubscriptions(subscriptions);
      this._setChannelID(channelID);
    },
    async deactivate() {
      const channelID = this._getChannelID();
      if (!channelID) {
        console.log(
          "Channel not found, cannot stop notifications for non-existent channel",
        );
        return;
      }

      const subscriptions = this._getSubscriptions() || {};
      for (const resourceId of Object.keys(subscriptions)) {
        await this.googleDrive.stopNotifications(channelID, resourceId);
      }

      // Reset DB state
      this._setSubscriptions({});
      this._setChannelID(null);
    },
  },
  methods: {
    ...changesToSpecificFiles.methods,
    _getSubscriptions() {
      return this.db.get("subscriptions") || {};
    },
    _setSubscriptions(subscriptions) {
      this.db.set("subscriptions", subscriptions);
    },
    _getNextTimerEventTimestamp(event) {
      if (event.cron) {
        return cronParser
          .parseExpression(event.cron)
          .next()
          .getTime();
      }
      if (event.interval_seconds) {
        return Date.now() + event.interval_seconds * 1000;
      }
    },
    async renewFileSubscriptions(event) {
      // Assume subscription & channelID may all be undefined at
      // this point Handle their absence appropriately.
      const subscriptions = this._getSubscriptions() || {};
      const channelID = this._getChannelID() || uuid();

      const nextRunTimestamp = this._getNextTimerEventTimestamp(event);

      for (const [
        currentResourceId,
        metadata,
      ] of Object.entries(subscriptions)) {
        const { fileID } = metadata;

        const subscription = {
          ...metadata,
          resourceId: currentResourceId,
        };
        const {
          expiration,
          resourceId,
        } = await this.googleDrive.renewFileSubscription(
          subscription,
          this.http.endpoint,
          channelID,
          fileID,
          nextRunTimestamp,
        );
        subscriptions[resourceId] = {
          expiration,
          fileID,
        };
      }
      this._setSubscriptions(subscriptions);
      this._setChannelID(channelID);
    },
  },
  async run(event) {
    // This function is polymorphic: it can be triggered as a cron job, to make sure we renew
    // watch requests for specific files, or via HTTP request (the change payloads from Google)

    // Component was invoked by timer
    if (event.timestamp) {
      return this.renewFileSubscriptions(event);
    }

    const channelID = this._getChannelID();
    let subscriptions = this._getSubscriptions() || {};

    const { headers } = event;

    if (
      !headers["x-goog-resource-state"] ||
      !headers["x-goog-resource-id"] ||
      !headers["x-goog-resource-uri"] ||
      !headers["x-goog-message-number"]
    ) {
      console.log("Request missing necessary headers: ", headers);
      return;
    }

    const incomingChannelID = headers["x-goog-channel-id"];
    if (incomingChannelID !== channelID) {
      console.log(
        `Channel ID of ${incomingChannelID} not equal to deployed component channel of ${channelID}`,
      );
      return;
    }

    if (subscriptions[headers["x-goog-resource-id"]] === undefined) {
      console.log(
        `Resource ID of ${headers["x-goog-resource-id"]} not currently being tracked. Exiting`,
      );
      return;
    }

    if (!includes(this.updateTypes, headers["x-goog-resource-state"])) {
      console.log(
        `Update type ${headers["x-goog-resource-state"]} not in list of updates to watch: `,
        this.updateTypes,
      );
      return;
    }

    // We observed false positives where a single change to a document would trigger two changes:
    // one to "properties" and another to "content,properties". But changes to properties
    // alone are legitimate, most users just won't want this source to emit in those cases.
    // If x-goog-changed is _only_ set to "properties", only move on if the user set the prop
    if (
      !this.watchForPropertiesChanges &&
      headers["x-goog-changed"] === "properties"
    ) {
      console.log(
        "Change to properties only, which this component is set to ignore. Exiting",
      );
      return;
    }

    const file = await this.googleDrive.getFileMetadata(
      headers["x-goog-resource-uri"],
    );

    if (!file || !Object.keys(file).length) {
      console.log("No file metadata returned, nothing to emit");
      return;
    }

    this.processChange(file, headers);
  },
};

Configuration

This component may be configured based on the props defined in the component code. Pipedream automatically prompts for input values in the UI and CLI.
LabelPropTypeDescription
Google DrivegoogleDriveappThis component uses the Google Drive app.
N/Adb$.service.dbThis component uses $.service.db to maintain state between component invocations.
N/Ahttp$.interface.httpThis component uses $.interface.http to generate a unique URL when the component is first instantiated. Each request to the URL will trigger the run() method of the component.
Drivedrivestring

Defaults to My Drive. To use a Shared Drive, use the Changes to Specific Files (Shared Drive) source instead.

Watch for changes to file propertieswatchForPropertiesChangesboolean

Watch for changes to file properties
in addition to changes to content. Defaults to false, watching for only changes to content.

Push notification renewal scheduletimer$.interface.timer

The Google Drive API requires occasional renewal of push notification subscriptions. This runs in the background, so you should not need to modify this schedule.

Filesfilesstring[]Select a value from the drop down menu.
Types of updatesupdateTypesstring[]Select a value from the drop down menu:syncaddremoveupdatetrashuntrashchange

Authentication

Google Drive uses OAuth authentication. When you connect your Google Drive account, Pipedream will open a popup window where you can sign into Google Drive and grant Pipedream permission to connect to your account. Pipedream securely stores and automatically refreshes the OAuth tokens so you can easily authenticate any Google Drive API.

Pipedream requests the following authorization scopes when you connect your account:

emailprofilehttps://www.googleapis.com/auth/drivehttps://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.readonly

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